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以“新冠”为例巧解托福口语独立题

作者: 2020-06-09 11:52 来源:武汉编辑
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作者:北美考试院 托福口语组 周浩

 

新冠病毒终于要彻底远离我们的正常生活,但是我们在学习中依然可以将新冠病毒变成段子来帮助我们从容应对托福口语独立题。今天我会给同学们介绍一些托福口语独立题的答题技巧,希望大家可以有所收获和启发。

 

首先我们来学习一下新冠病毒相关语料

 

·Novel Coronavirus 新冠病毒(COVID-19

·Rampant 肆虐的

·On a global scale 全球规模

·Be infected with 感染某种疾病

·Communicable disease 传染病

·Endanger 使遭受危险

·Risk life doing something 冒着生命风险做某事请

·Quarantine (疫情)隔离期

·Outbreak (疫情)爆发

 

接下来我们来看一些近年托福独立口语真题

 

2019.11.3

Task 1

Some people think universities should video record important lectures and upload the recordings on the websites. Do you agree or disagree? Why?

 

2019.11.16

Task 1

Do you think that people should spend some time to watch the news and know what’s happening around the world? Why?

 

2019.4.14

Task 2

Some people like to make plans in advance when they decide to travel, while others prefer to make decisions when they are travelling. Which do you prefer?

 

2018.9.16

Task 2

Do you think it is a good idea to choose homeschooling?

 

2014.3.15

Task 2

Some people prefer to work in an office; others prefer to work at home. Which do you prefer?

 

2010.11.6 NA

Task 2

Some people think in the future students will have classes on the Internet instead of in building, but some thinks students will still have classes in building. What do you think?

 

分析:这些题目涵盖话题较广,涉及学习、生活、工作、地点、旅游。我们现在需要思考如何将冠状病毒的段子“安排”到答题中。我们快速浏览以上题目后不难发现很多题目中含有关键字,如home或者Internet/Website。关于答题的理由,我们可以说:在家学习更加安全。细节方面我们具体展开:新冠病毒全球蔓延,如果我们贸然出门,将很可能感染上新冠,同时我们的生命会危在旦夕。

 

我们现在试着回答2019113日的口语真题:

 

Some people think universities should video record important lectures and upload the recordings on the websites. Do you agree or disagree? Why?

 

参考回答

观点:I think universities should video record important lectures and upload the recordings on the websites.

理由AMy first reason is that it will be safer for students to keep learning during quarantine. Currently, the novel coronavirus is rampant on a global scale. If people go outside now, they will be infected with this communicable disease. Their life will also be endangered.

 

我们再看一例,2018916日的口语真题:

 

Do you think it is a good idea to choose homeschooling?

 

参考回答

观点:I think homeschooling is a better way to learn for students right now

理由AFirstly, I believe it will be safer for students to keep learning during quarantine. Currently, the novel coronavirus is rampant on a global scale. If people go outside now, they will be infected with this communicable disease. Their life will also be endangered. So, it is not worthwhile to risk your life learning knowledge in public or private school.

 

有细心的同学可能发现了,有的题目并没有之前所说的关键词,诸如home或者Internet/Website那么我们在应对此类题目的时候该怎么处理呢

 

最后我们一起来试着回答2019113日的口语真题:

 

Some people like to make plans in advance when they decide to travel, while others prefer to make decisions when they are travelling. Which do you prefer?

分析:新冠病毒属于突发事件,导致了全球各国间交通的封锁。我们在阅读题干的时候可以尝试将一边旅游一边做计划的出行方式和这次疫情进行联系。基本思路是:计划赶不上变化,提前计划地再好,疫情发生了可能没有太大用途。 

 

参考回答

观点:I prefer to make decisions when I am travelling.

理由A I think sometimes plans come after the change. A good example is that, with the outbreak of COVID-19 on a global scale, the International flights have been shut down. If you spend a lot of time making a plan in advance for travelling abroad, your effort is now all in vain. People just cannot simply go anywhere in order to deter this communicable disease from rampantly spreading. So, there is no need to make travelling plans in advance.

 

今天的讲解就到这里,我们来一起总结一下今天所学的内容。首先,“新冠病毒”的段子非常适合一些涉及在家学习或者办公,或互联网学习办公的口语题目。再者,一些生活类话题,比如新闻或者出行,也是此次冠状病毒直接影响的方面,这类题目也非常适合使用这个段子来处理。我给同学们的建议是,平常多积累一些时事例子,并且形成自己的答题方案和风格,这样我们可以提升能力并且快速突破口语瓶颈。余下的题目供同学自由练习。只要勤思考勤练习,同学们一定会取得自己的理想托福口语成绩!

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