北美考试院 托福写作组 王昳
本期考题考察的话题属于托福综合写作考试中考察占比较多一些的历史类话题，并且重复了2018年和2016年的旧题目。考察的的时间类的题目。 历史类的作文在TPO中出现的频率较高，分别出现在TPO44，35 ，33 ，32 ，30，28，18，考生可适度选择上述提到的TPO材料，熟悉相关话题，分析材料结构和写作结构。
Keywords: kangaroo; typically; soil samples; indicate; inaccurate
TPO28 the fact whether Robert Peary has arrived at the North Pole
• Professional committee conducted an official investigation on his records and equipment
• Another man also successfully arrived at the North Pole in less than 37 days using the same tools and number of dogs as Peary did
• Examination on the photos taken by Peary at North Pole proves the truthfulness.
Nowadays, as the competition between adults become more and more fierce, most children are also suffering great peer pressure on account of the fact that their beloved parents force them to engage in various kinds of extra-curricular activities so as not to be left behind by other kids. Under this circumstance, many schools are demanding that students do assignment for more than 30 minutes. While a number of individuals deem it reasonable, from my perspective, I contend doing chores for less than half an hour per day is enough for the following reasons.
First and foremost, as homework is to enable children to master academic knowledge, to improve their learning efficiency is the most indispensable goal that we need to realize. That is to say, to prolong time does not make sense, because in this way, children may have a false understanding that no matter they truly acquire the knowledge, they will have to do the repetitive homework. As a consequence, they may lower their learning efficiency. Taking my litter sister as an example who is a top student at school, my mother-a college professor has being attaching importance to her study productivity instead of study time, this little girl gradually develops a good habit of completing her homework the minute she comes home effectively and efficiently. Nonetheless, most of her classmates usually spend 2 to 3 hours doing homework under the request of their parents. Form this case, I draw a conclusion that it is the learning efficiency that really matters for academic performance.
What’s more, for children aged 5-10, academic pursuit is not the most crucial one but all-round development. In other word, supposing that it takes a lot time for children to do homework, there will be a little time left for the development of their hobbies and interests. Study, indeed, is of great significance, however, developing children’s hobbies and enriching their childhood should be given top priority. Childhood is the most imperative period of time when parents can spend quality time with their children and boost parent-child relationship. If it is filled with nothing but infinite homework, when children turn adult and retrospect the time when they are little, I bet they will definitely feel regretful.
Last but not least, too much assignment will exert a harmful influence on the mental and physical health on children. Not only may they become short-sighted, but also they could become an asocial introvert. Recently, I have been reading a book called Unterm Rad, written by the famous German author Herrmann. What impresses me most is that the protagonist had a pathetic children. Even though expert in study, he had no friends. In the end of the book, he could not find the meaning of life. Consequently, he suffered from depression. Fabricated as this novel is, as the old saying goes, art comes from real life, thus I contend there must be some similar tragedies. As a result, I have a firm belief that health is more significant compared to study.
In a nutshell, since children are still young and invigorated, it is advisable for them to enjoy their lives by spending leisure time with intimate friends, parents so as to remain healthy both mentally and physically. As for study, the key to a high grade is the efficiency of learning.