作者：武汉新航道北美考试院 托福写作组 李砚丹
TPO 27 The cause of little ice age
Debates over the most efficient teaching methodology can hardly reach consensus. In specific, although some teachers claim that the old-school style of giving lectures and making students take notes should always be promoted as it endures the test of time, others contend that schools should also embrace the trend of group work and have kids discuss and work in group. I agree with the latter, since we are living in a world where group work always comes first.
To begin with, in group discussion, each student has to stay focused, while during lectures students can become absent-minded without being noticed by the teacher. Looking back to our student life, anyone can think of a moment when he sat in the classroom with his mind drifting away. As people listen passively, they can easily be distracted if they show signs of tiredness or boredom. Nevertheless, active group discussion can solve the problem once and for all. In a small group, no student can become invisible; everyone has to speak up and share his own though. Free-riders will also be forced to contribute under peer pressure.
In addition, group work improves efficacy of study, because students go through the process of teaching and learning from one another. During a lecture, listeners can hardly come up with any questions regarding the content of the lecture, because they are already occupied with listening and taking notes. It is always when the lecture is over, and when people review and digest what they have learnt in the classroom, do people suddenly feel struck by a puzzle. But in a group discussion or project, every student is involved and hence motivated. By talking with each other and striving for a common solution, it is natural for students to find out and make up for one another’s drawback. Through such trial and error, students will better master the knowledge and put into use.
All in all, I agree that group discussion and projects improve learning efficiency, because students are more involved in the process.