作者：北美考试院 托福写作组 叶晓轩
Integrated Writing Task
3、那个飞机的设计有问题，飞不起来。那时的动力系统不如现在，而怀特兄弟的飞机只有one level wings，其他的飞机都是two or three level wings
2、有些人test了W的的plane到底能不能飞，做了full size的copy，很accurate 的做的。结果测试出来是可以飞的
3、builders建造不出成功的飞机不代表W的engine有问题。说早期时候的builders不知道怎么design plane也不是特别了解plane. 就算是给他们很好的engine, 他们也可能建造不出来飞机。并且，builders买了W的engine 就说明W的engine 质量很好
本期考题考察综合写作属于比较经典的历史话题，阅读材料中通过罗列一些证据来攻击某个结论，而听力则从反面进行举证，说明这个结论仍然可靠。令人安心的是，在TPO中，这类话题还是比较常见的，比较具有代表性的有TPO 3, TPO 8, TPO 28, TPO 30等。
Keywords: invention; plane; engine; drawings; full-size copy.
TPO 3 Whether the portrait An elderly women in a white bonnet was a painting by Rambrandt
• 画中女人的帽子是仆人的linen cap，衣领是个luxurious fur collar，这样的纰漏R作为大师不会出现。
• 后续的X-ray和analysis of pigments发现毛领是100年后人们为了增加这副画的价值补画上去的，去掉毛领下面就是一个仆人普通的衣领。
TPO 8 if Checalier’s memoir is reliable and authentic
Independent Writing Task
If you can change one aspect to improve your health, which would you choose? Why?
1. The kind of food
2. The amount of exercise
3. The amount of stress
As people continue to be more concerned about their health condition, more and more approaches have been put forward to address this issue. Some people believe that “we are what we eat”, so that our daily diet plays the most crucial role in maintaining health, while others assert that proper amount of exercise is the best way to keep a balanced body. However, in my opinion, reducing the stress would be better than both of them, according to the following reasons.
First and foremost, it could be extremely hard for us human beings to forego the enjoyment of delicate food. After millions of years of evolvement, the desire for a high-fat and high-sugar diet is written in our gene, since only those who had been able to obtain and intake enough food were able to live long enough to have the offspring, which makes them our ancestors. As a result, all their children – that is to say, us -- have the trait of favoring greasy and sweet foods. If we try to adapt our diet by avoiding fat and sugar, we would inevitably end up with nothing but struggling with the desire for them. Just as numerous studies in the field of eating disturbance show, those who have been striving the most to run counter to their desire for food, are at the highest risk of eating disorder, such as emotional eating, or even compulsive eating. Thus, changing the aspect of food should definitely be ruled out at the first place, due to its risk.
Furthermore, would it be a wiser choice adopting more exercise then? The answer is surely the negative. Exercise occupies time. We lead a way much more hectic life than our counterparts did in the past. Being busying working or studying, the precious leisure time we get after the day would be better spent on some relaxing activities. Who on earth would want to run on the playground or work out in the gym after a whole day’s exhausting work? Besides, in some cases, the time after work does not truly belong to ourselves either: we still have relationships to take care of, such as that with our family, friends, as well as our spouse. Therefore, generally the high-paced world also does not permit the second choice.
Last but not least, to reduce the stress in our life typically resolves both the problems presented above. If we could control the pressure at a lower level, there would be significantly lower chance for us to indulge in gorging. Normally, we eat because our body needs the calories, in which condition they will do no harm at all. But we frequently eat more than we need. Why? It is because when we eat, the brain releases chemicals providing us with happiness. Thus whenever we feel stressed out, by instinct we turn to food for a better mood even though the body does not actually need the food. So if the stress is controlled, undesirable eating behaviors could be prevented. Consequently, without excessive intake of calories, more exercise would not be a need at all, which would also save us more time dealing with our busy work and precious relationships.
Given the above points, I strongly disapprove that people try to control their diet or change their exercising habit for the health’s sake. Instead, more emphasis should be put on controlling the amount of pressure in our life.