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雅思作文写作技巧分享

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雅思作文写作

雅思写作中最好的论证方法是什么?换言之,论文的哪个角度更好地切入。今天总结雅思写作中的论证思想是什么?

一、原因:

理性论证是写作中最常用的论证方法。

常用连接词:

because/since/as

常用句式:

1. This is largely/partly due to , which is largely/partly due to这主要/部分是由于什么。

2. The main reason for it isN/that +完整的句子, the main reason for which is主要的原因是什么。

3. A contributing factor is其中一个因素是

4. The social / individual / technical / economic reason for this phenomenon / problem is (一句话)。这一现象/问题的社会/个人/技术/经济的原因是

E.g. Students who take a gap year off tend to be more independent. The main reason for it is that they unavoidably encounter some difficulties and have to deal with them by themselves during their first–time work or travel.参加间隔年的学生往往更独立。这主要是因为他们在第一次出差或工作时,难免会遇到一些困难,要自己处理。

二.结果:

结果论证分为两种类型:一种是好结果,另一种是差结果,这是由中心句的内容决定的。结果参数既可用于第一层逻辑,也可用于第二层逻辑。

常用连接词:

Consequently,As a consequence/result,therefore因此

, so that 一句话,以至于

In this way/In so doing, 这么一来

E.g. Each team member is assigned a specific task even in teamwork and in so doing, they can also cultivate their independence.每一个团队成员都会接受一个具体的任务,这么一来,甚至在团队合作中也能培养他们的独立性。

常用句式:

, which may result in an unpleasant/unexpected/desirable consequence that (填完整的话)。

这可能会导致一个令人不悦/意料之外/理想的结果,就是 。

E.g. Some students are used to finishing learning tasks all alone, which may result in an unpleasant consequence that their interpersonal skills will deteriorate.一些学生习惯于独自一人完成学习任务,这可能会导致一个不好的结果,他们的人际交流技能可能会变差。

三.例子:

雅思写作中使用的例子不像托福写作可以是个人经验,而是试着给出一些比较客观的例子,例句不要太长,可以用一两句话对例子进行评论。一般用于第二层的逻辑衔接更多。

常用连接词:

...like /such as(不放开头,后面加名词)

For example﹦For instance(放句首时,后加完整的句子)

E.g. Teamwork benefits students in many ways. For example, the potential of leadership may be possibly stimulated and developed through teamwork.团队合作能在很多方面使学生们受益。举个例子,通过团队合作就能激发和培养领导力的潜能。

常用句式:

A good case in point is that一个典型的例子是 。

E.g. International tourism can promote the development of the local economy. A good case in point is that Hainan, where the tourist attractions have been much explored and developed in recent years, has developed significantly in its economy.国际旅游能促进当地的经济发展,一个典型的例子是近年来,景点被大力开发的海南在经济上也得到了大力发展。

四.比较:

对比论证分为两种类型,一种是对具体情况的积极和消极的比较,一种是对正反两方面的比较。另一种是过去和现在的比较,这是科学和技术中经常使用的。可以使用第1层和第2层逻辑连接。

常用连接词:

A , while/whereas B

While/whereas A , B

A By/In contrast, B

常用句式:

which is in stark/sharp/striking contrast with the fact that这和以下事实形成鲜明对比。

E.g. Students who go to university immediately after gradation can better adjust themselves to the academic life, whereas/while those who take a gap year off are very unlikely to refocus their attention on study.那些毕业后直接上大学的学生能更好地适应大学生活,而那些参加间隔年的学生却很可能无法再专注于学习。

五,反例:

反例也可以说是假设论点,最微不足道但最好的使用方式!可以使用逻辑连接的第一层和第二层。在许多情况下,假设论证和结果论证可以构成一定程度的比较论证。

常用连接词:

Without sth. /if not

E.g. Without the experience of traveling or working during the gap year, students are unlikely to realize what their true interests are.

If students do not take a gap year off, they are unlikely to realize what their true interests are.要是学生们不参加间隔年,他们很可能意识不到自己真正的兴趣是什么。

六、阐释:

解释和解释的方法也更多地被使用,即对前一句的渐进解释表达得更简单,并且通常用于逻辑衔接的第一级。

常用连接词:

namely

in simpler words/to put it more simply,简而言之

In other words, 换句话说

E.g. Gap year, namely, the year between finishing high school and starting university, is quite prevalent across the word, western countries in particular.间隔年,简言之,即高中毕业和上大学前的这年,在全球是很普遍的,尤其是在西方国家。

常用句式:

by which I mean , 说这个我的意思是

E.g. Face-to-face instruction will never disappear, by which I mean the traditional way of teaching is irreplaceable to a large extent due to its overwhelming advantages.面授永远不会消失,我的意思是,它在很大程度上由于其自身的绝对优势是不可替代的。

七.提供证据:

也称为数据方法,如果你编制数据,你必须确保它是合理的。更聪明的方法是描述一种现象,不一定要提到数据,而是分析和评论这种现象。

常用句式:

It is reported that据报道

Scientists/Psychologists/Physicists have found that科学家们/心理学家们/物理学家们发现

A recent survey conducted (by the local government/the department of education/a related department) indicates that最近的一项由(当地政府/教育部门/有关部门)进行的调查显示了 。

例如以下这个考题就可以用数据法来进行论证:

In many cities, planner locates schools, homes, offices, shops in specific areas which were widely separate from each other. Do you agree the advantages of this policy overweigh the disadvantages?

A recent survey conducted by the central government indicates that cities where the buildings are wisely planned and allocated develop its economy more rapidly than those intensively-populated cities.最近由中央政府进行的一项调查显示,那些建筑物分布合理的城市能比其他那些人口分布密集的城市更快地发展其他经济。

最后我希望烤鸭能够根据上面的一般指导词和共同的句子结构来理解逻辑思维。每一个论点都是灵活的,考生应该根据自己的逻辑思维,写出自己的观点,不要吧这些技巧硬生生的使用,这样会显得你的作文没有色彩,一定要融入自己的观点,再加上灵活的运用技巧,这样才能写出一篇好的雅思作文。

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