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雅思考试写作技巧有哪些

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雅思考试写作技巧

以下是雅思考试写作技巧的汇编,供考生参考,详情如下。希望能为雅思的写作做好准备,让我们来看看吧!

雅思考试中的写作技巧及注意事项

句子、词语。

文章是由句子组成的,句子由单词组成。在开始写文章之前,你应该提醒自己以下几点:

1)正确使用句子和词语。这是最基本的一点。这包括单词的正确拼写,单词在特定句子中的正确应用,以及正确的句型。注:不要在文章中使用中式英语。这要求你在思考的时候不要用中文思考,写文章时要仔细考虑文章的语言。

2)句子的多样性。这必须在正确的句子和单词中实现。句子的多样性是一个人英语水平的关键,也是一个人取得高分的关键。如非谓语从句、定语从句、宾语从句等,以及单句、复句的综合运用。

3)标点符号的正确使用

文章的整体风格和氛围。作为一名你文章的读者,你可以第一次感受到你的文章的特点和风格,或者生动活泼或僵化,而基于模板的文章很难生动或吸引

读者。保持你的书写整洁和笔迹。

常见错误提醒

一.不一致(分歧)

所谓不一致,不仅指主谓不一致,而且指时态和代词的不一致。

例1. when one have money ,he can do what he want to .

一旦一个人有了钱,他就可以随心所欲。

分析:one是单数第三人称,因而本句的have应改为has ;同理,want应改为wants.本句是典型的主谓不一致.

改为: once one has money ,he can do what he wants (to do)

二.改性剂错位

英语不同于汉语,同一个修饰语被置于不同的句子位置,句子的意义可能会发生变化。中国学生往往对此不够重视,造成不必要的误解。例1. i believe i can do it well and i will better know the world outside the campus.

分析:better位置不当,应置于句末.

三.句子不完整

在英语口语中,不完整的句子可以通过手势、语气语境等手段完全理解。但书面语不同,句子结构不完整会导致语义表达模糊,这种情况往往发生在主句完成后,笔者还想补充一些解释。
例1. there are many ways to know the society. for example by tv ,radio ,newspaper and so on .

分析:本句后半部分“for example by tv ,radio ,newspaper and so on .”不是一个完整的句子,仅为一些不连贯的词语,不能独立成句.

改为:there are many ways to know society ,for example ,by tv ,radio ,and newspaper.

 四. 悬垂修饰语

所谓悬垂修饰语是指句子开头的短语和下面的句子之间逻辑关系的混乱。例如:at the age of ten, my grandfather died. 这句中“at the age of ten“只点出十岁时,但没有说明” 谁”十岁时.按一般推理不可能是my grandfather, 如果我们把这个悬垂修饰语改明确一点,全句就不那么费解了.

改为:

when i was ten, my grandfather died.

例1. to do well in college, good grades are essential.

剖析:句中不定式短语 “to do well in college” 的逻辑主语不清楚.

改为:

to do well in college, a student needs good grades.

五.词性误用

“词性误用”常表现为:介词当动词用;形容词当副词用;名词当动词用等.

例1. none can negative the importance of money.

剖析:negative 系形容词,误作动词。

改为:

none can deny the importance of money.

六. 指代不清

不确定性的主要含义是代词与所指的人或事物没有明确的联系,或接连使用的代词不一致。试一句如下:

 mary was friendly to my sister because she wanted her to be her bridesmaid.

(玛丽和我姐姐很要好,因为她要她做她的伴娘。)

读完上面这一句话,读者无法明确地判断两位姑娘中谁将结婚,谁将当伴娘。如果我们把易于引起误解的代词的所指对象加以明确,意思就一目了然了。这个句子可改为:

mary was friendly to my sister because she wanted my sister to be her bridesmaid.

例1. and we can also know the society by serving it yourself.

剖析:句中人称代词we 和反身代词yourself指代不一致。改为:

we can also know society by serving it ourselves.

七. 不间断句子

 什么叫run-on sentence?请看下面的例句。

例1. there are many ways we get to know the outside world.

剖析:这个句子包含了两层完整的意思:“there are many ways.” 以及“we get to know the outside world.”。简单地把它们连在一起就不妥当了。

改为:

there are many ways for us to learn about the outside world. 或:there are many ways through which we can become acquainted with the outside world

八. 措词毛病

“diction”是指在一个特定的句子中如何正确地选择单词的问题。由于教学时间的不足,教师在这方面的时间往往非常有限,这就影响了学生未能形成良好的写作学习状态。斟酌的习惯。他们经常做他们想做的事并使用它。所以作文的用词不当随处可见。

例1. the increasing use of chemical obstacles in agriculture also makes pollution.

(农业方面化学物质使用的不断增加也造成了污染。)

剖析:显然,考生把obstacles“障碍”,“障碍物”误作substance“物质”了。另外“the increasing use (不断增加的使用)” 应改为“abusive use (滥用)”。

改为:

the abusive use of chemical substances in agriculture also causes/leads to pollution.

九. 累赘

简单是最宝贵的东西。句子中没有多余的词,段落中没有多余的句子。使用词的未用短语;未用的句子或句子。例如:

in spite of the fact that he is lazy, i like him.

本句的“the fact that he is lazy”系同谓语从句,我们按照上述“能用词组的不用从句”可以改为:in spite of his laziness, i like him.

例1. for the people who are diligent and kind, money is just the thing to be used to buy the thing they need.

剖析:整个句子可以大大简化。

改为:

diligent, caring people use money only to buy what they need.

十. 不连贯

不连贯是指一个句子前言不对后语,或是结构上不畅通。这也是考生常犯的毛病。

例1. the fresh water, it is the most important things of the earth.

剖析:the fresh water 与逗号后的it 不连贯。it 与things 在数方面不一致。

常见联词

表层进

first, firstly to begin with/second, secondly to start with/third, thirdly what‘s more/also and then/and equally important/besides in addition/further in the first place/still furthermore last but not the least/next besides/too moreover/finally

表举例

for example for instance/to illustrate as an illustration/after all/表解释/as a matter of fact/frankly speaking/in this case namely/in other words

表总结

in summary in a word/in brief in conclusion/to conclude in fact/indeed in short/in other words /of course/it is true specially/namely in all/that is to summarize/thus as has been said/altogether in other words/finally in simpler terms/in particular that is/on the whole to put it differently/therefore

表强调

of course indeed/above all most important/emphasis certainly in fact

表让步

still nevertheless/in spite of all the same/even so after all/concession granted naturally/of course

表比较

in comparison likewise/similarly equally/however likewise/in the same way/

表转折

by contrast although/e same time but/in contrast nevertheless/notwithstanding on the contrary

on the other hand otherwise/regardless still/though yet/despite the fact that even so/even though for all that/however in spite of/instead

表时间

after a while afterward/again also/and then as long as/at last at length/at that time before/besides earlier/eventually finally/formerly further/furthermore in addition/in the first place in the past/

last lately/meanwhile moreover/next now/presently second/shortly simultaneously/since so far/soon still/subsequently then/thereafter too/until until now/when

雅思考试写作技巧大概就是这么多啦,大家看完以后平时要多联系,只有在不断的练习当中水平才会提升,英语学习是一个循序渐进的过程,只要大家坚持,一定会有好的结果。

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