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秒破科技类话题下雅思大作文的常见套路

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作者:张巧   英联邦考试院雅思写作讲师,武汉大学英语专业硕士毕业。从事英语语言教学和雅思考试研究工作多年,熟知雅思考试命题规律和发展趋势。

全年48次雅思考试中,科技类话题的出现频率并不算太高,可一旦出现,会让烤鸭们觉得摸不着头脑。不难发现,科技类这个大话题下,考官可以出题的角度还是非常多的,比如科技是否会替代传统的某种方式,又或是科技对人们生活的影响。但无论从哪个角度,其难度都较大,因此笔者从科技这个大话题下抽取了电脑和手机相关题目,对几种常见的套路进行剖析并给烤鸭们提供一些相应的思考角度。

套路一:手机和电脑是否会取代传统生活方式。相关真题有:

2016.10.08 因特网是否会取代公共图书馆?

Maintaining public libraries is a waste of money since the internet has widely replaced their function. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this idea?

2014.03.13电子书是否会取代印刷体书?

Some people believe that printed book is not necessary in digital era because books can be stored in electronic products. Others believe that printed books will continue to play an important part in our lives. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

2014.11.22 网店是否会取代实体店?

Online shopping is now replacing shopping in stores. Do you think it is a positive or negative development?

秒破法:当提及电子产品是否会取代传统事物时,其答案必定是否定的,要不然,为何传统的事物(如公共图书馆,印刷体书,实体店等)仍然至今未消失?这说明,传统事物的确存在一些电子产品所无法超越的优势。可用的观点有:公共图书馆能营造良好的读书氛围(an enjoyable and quiet reading environment)并且起着一些社会功能,例如公共图书馆是人们举办读书会(reading club)的地方等;印刷体书本更方便人们做笔记,而且给不会使用手机或电脑的老人(senior citizens/ pensioners)带来便利; 在实体店购买商品无需等待也无需运费(delivery charges)并且给人们提供购物的乐趣。

套路二:微观层面,手机和电脑对人具体能力或技能上的影响

2016.11.26/2014.10.11 手机和电脑是否影响到人面对面交流的能力?

People believe that using mobile phones and computers to communicate makes us lose the ability to communicate with each other face to face. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

2015.03.28 手机和电脑是否影响到人的读写能力?

Some people think that the increasing use of computers and mobile phones for communication has had a negative effect on young people’s reading and writing skills. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

秒破法:此类问题限定很窄,难度很大,考生一不小心就会洋洋洒洒写大篇幅的手机电脑的好处,而忘记写其对能力和技能方面的影响,导致跑题。所以,面对这种类型的题目,务必将观点确立为:手机和电脑对人的能力的提高有消极影响。考生可围绕万能的点展开思考,即,

1. 人们容易沉迷于(be obsessed with/be addicted to)手机和电脑

2. 人们在手机电脑上常使用网络语言(internet language)

如针对于“手机和电脑是否影响到人面对面交流的能力?”,可通过万能点1想到人们对手机电脑的沉迷很可能会让人不愿意和其他人面对面交流,从而降低了人的面对面能力;通过万能点2可想到网络语言,如缩写(abbreviated forms of words)会使人在正式场合也使用缩略的表达,导致不得体。另外,针对“手机和电脑是否影响到人的读写能力?”这一问题,可通过万能点1想到人们对手机电脑游戏的沉迷会让人没有耐心进行阅读,通过万能观点2可想到人们由于常常在手机电脑上使用缩写而忘记了单词的拼写。

套路三:宏观层面,手机和电脑对社交甚至整个社会的影响

2018.06.02 人们更倾向网上交友而不是与社区人员之间交流,利大于弊吗?

Many people prefer to communicate with their online friends than to socialize with people in their local communities. Do you think it has more advantages than disadvantages?

2018.04.21 因特网使人们很少面对面交流了,利大于弊吗?

In modern world, it is possible to shop, work and communicate with people via the Internet and without any face-to-face contact with others. To what extent is this a positive or negative development?

2017.12.16 社交网站是否对个人和社会有消极影响?

Many people believe that social networking sites(like Facebook) have had a negative impact on individuals and society. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

2015.02.14 在某些地方使用手机是否像吸烟一样反社会?

The use of mobile phone in certain places is just as antisocial as smoking. Do you think mobiles should be banned like smoking?

秒破法:此类题目难度较小,请一定记住手机电脑对个人和社会的好处通常有:

和网友交流可以缓解压力

Interacting with net friends can relieve stress.

远程办公可以节省员工的时间

Telecommuting can save time for employees.

网络可以跨越地理位置、文化背景和年龄的障碍,给人更多的机会去学习或者购物

Internet can provide more opportunities for people to learn or purchase products, regardless of geographical location, cultural background and age.

手机可以让人们快速联系到朋友

Mobile phones enable people to get connection with friends in seconds.

对社交甚至社会的坏处有:

社交网站容易让人们分心

People are easily distracted from their work or study by social network.

沉迷虚拟世界会使人与其家人朋友之间的关系变得疏远

Addiction to the virtual world may make people isolated/alienated from their families and friends.

过度依赖网络会削弱人的人际交往能力

Heavy reliance on the Internet may undermine peoples interpersonal skills.

在开车或者走路的时候看手机会很危险

It is hazardous to stare at the screen of mobile phones while driving or walking on the road.

总的来说,同学们可以结合笔者给出的以上三种套路及相应秒破策略,对手机或电脑相关题目多进行练习,切实领会其考试规律和破题技巧,知己知彼,才能有备无患。

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