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2019年5月18日托福写作考题解析 - 杜薇

作者:杜薇 2019-06-03 17:28 来源:武汉编辑
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北美考试院 托福写作组 杜薇

 

2019.05.18 托福综合写作真题

Integrated Writing Task

阅读部分:对美国的小学安排教授乐器(musical instruments)的课程产生质疑。

1、在乐器课程上花费时间意味着其它课程的学习时间要减少了,比如reading和maths, 这些课在大部分人眼中是更加重要的;

2、开设音乐课程成本高(costly),学校需要购买大量的书籍,乐器以及支付工资给新的乐器老师。这些花费都很多,长期而言,对学校是个巨大经济负担,不切实际;

3、学习乐器对小学生的现在或未来没有什么实际用途。而且大部分学生其实并没有音乐天赋,而小部分有天赋的学生仅仅靠学校的基础乐器课程也是没有什么实际意义的,还是需要在私下进行练习;

 

听力反驳:认为设置音乐课程有好处。

1、学习音乐对阅读和数学有辅助作用。一方面,学习音乐是需要了解数学的相关知识。如学习音符note,可以让学生了解分数fraction. 另一方面,学习音乐可以提升学生的语言能力,如学习音乐可以让学生区分不同的声音会提升语言的能力;

2、有办法可以抵消音乐课的高成本。可以找已经退休的志愿者retired volunteers来教小学生音乐课;另外,可以向家长收取一小一部分费用,并且一个乐器可以给好几届学生用,这样既减少了学校的负担也减轻家长的负担;

3、学习音乐对孩子的未来是有帮助的。尽管可能学习音乐不会帮助学生找到一份工作,但是学校教育的目的是让学生能够有充实的生活。

 

题目解析:

 

此场考试的综合写作话题不同于以往的学科话题,话题似乎偏向独立写作话题,例如14年3月22日独立写作上午场真题Younger school children should be required to study art and music in addition to math, language, science and history. 从备考角度,这篇综合中的阅读反向和听力的正向观点都可以作为非常好的独立写作分论点的展开角度和思路。

 

2019.05.18托福独立写作真题

The Independent Task

 

Doing which activity do you think can help you strengthen the friendship between you and your friend?

 

1、having a good time together with your friend;

2、solving your friend's problem with him or her.

 

题目解析:

 

此题属于个人喜好中朋友类话题,重复2018年9月15日北美真题。此题难度中等,如果考生平时有准备朋友间相处的一些段落素材,在这个题目中就可以直接应用。需要注意的是题干中的目的是加强朋友间的关系,这个[加强]需要在文章中强调并且论述到。二选一的话题,可以选择的写作结构比较多样,可以写一边倒,2+1或者正正反的结构,可以在段内举例,当然也可以用一个选项的好对立另外一个选项的不好,来加强好的。如果选和朋友一起渡过一段快乐的时光这个选项,我们可以说朋友间相处最重要的就是开心和愉悦,因为快乐的记忆是永恒的,这也是友谊对我们的价值所在。第二,可以用举例论证来论证一个道理,如果和一个朋友一次的相处经历非常开心,当然就会有第二次和第三次然后更多,相互的陪伴是加强一段友谊的关键。让步段可以写,解决问题当然可以帮助到我们的朋友,让他们感受到关心,但是朋友之间最重要的开心的回忆,一段欢声笑语的时光会成为我们友谊中永远的闪光点。如果选第二个分论点,参考范文如下。

 

参考范文:

 

What is supposed to be the definition of true friendship? Without doubt, real friends are those who would stand by our side to render support in time of need and share joy and happiness in time of pleasure. The criteria of choosing friends differ among individuals. As for me, spending a happy hour with someone may help me establish a new relationship. However, when it comes to the statement which activity can help people fortify the friendship, addressing a friend’s problem with him or her is the better one.

 

Firstly, there is every reason to emphasize the truth that a friend in need is a friend indeed. In adversity we are able to know if a person really owns the basic qualities of a true friend. In a dilemma, one’s heart could be easily displayed before one’s eyes. If we could only spend joyful hours with our friend but desert him or her when harsh time arrives, we could never be accepted as a reliable friend. We could easily imagine the overwhelming despair at the moment when our friend is ignored by someone who is trusted by him or her. Needless to say, it is better to discontinue the friendship; otherwise this situation might repeatedly occur in the future. Only the one who continues to give emotional and practical support regardless of all the obstacles and personal sacrifices could be cherished as a best friend. Obviously, dealing with a problem with our friend helps reinforce a relationship.

 

Secondly, tackling a friend’s problem is a great opportunity to show our competence that may help arouse our friend’s respect or love to us. Many factors are considered when we choose a friend, such as same age, interest and value. Admittedly, these factors help people establish a new relationship. However, when taking about how to maintain and strengthen a stable relationship, what matters most is definitely the respect between the two sides. When our friend encounters a problem that cannot be solved by themselves, definitely our friend will appreciate and even worship us thanks to our diligent help and remarkable capability showed during the process. For example, once my friend had a difficulty in managing his own company. Coincidentally, I got the degree of MBA in my university; therefore, I was able to give him feasible and practical suggestions that helped his company get through the trouble. After that, we become even more intimate. Therefore, surviving the difficulty together helps us own the trust and respect from our friend, which contributes to a companionable and long-term friendship.

 

Admittedly, spending joyful hours together with a partner helps us get rid of loneliness and cope with daily pressure. The comfortable feelings and mental satisfaction that connect the hearts of two people make it possible for us to build an enjoyable friendship. However, this could only be regarded as the prerequisite factor to choose a friend. In other words, having a good time with a friend contributes to establish a new relation rather than strengthen a relation.

 

Taking into account all the reasons mentioned above, we may safely arrive on the conclusion that solving your friend's problem with him or her helps you make a relationship stronger. Not only does it appeal to the essence of a friendship, but also it helps win the trust and respect from your friend. 

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