北美考试院 托福写作组 霍小玲
Integrated Writing Task
1、入侵植物。Cattail这种植物入侵了这片区域, 抢夺营养, 破坏了环境;
2、这主要是因为排水系统在雨季把洪水导离人口密集的城市, 但这套系统也把湿地的 水抽走了,只要撤掉一些管道就行;
3、汞主要是因为燃煤，一些煤里面含有过量的汞, 很多工厂现在已经采用了低汞的煤, 这个问题也解决。
在TPO中有大量材料也涉及到了相关话题，在TPO 的题目中，有生态类话题TPO 10(海獭数量下降); TPO 18（佛罗里达榧树减少的解决方案）；TPO 23（雪松数量减少）和TPO 26（斑马贝的入侵）。考生可适度选择上述提到的TPO材料，熟悉相关话题，分析材料结构和写作结构。
Keywords: plant; pollution; disease; environment; predator; technology; human activities; resources; strategy
TPO10 The sea otter is a small mammal
Independent Writing Task
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
A university should offer students a public speaking course and require all students to take this course before they graduate.
University graduates are usually considered as the main contributors to bettering the world. However, more students who graduate from universities are not given a competitive edge to survive smoothly in the intensely competitive job market, as already suggested by a growing body of data. To avoid this phenomenon, a voice is heard regarding the remedy for education: “Universities should offer public speaking courses and all the students should be demanded to take this course before they graduate”. As to this argument, I honestly believe there is no need to impose the requirement on all the students.
First of all, for the college students, it is wiser to focus more on academic study rather than speech ability before they graduate. As we all know, it is the best time for college students to devote themselves to academic study, since they are at the peak of their learning capacity. A student’s ability shall not be only determined by the speaking abilities; apart from that, the comprehensive abilities especially the academic ability counts more in graduates’ final job market competition. Interviewers when choosing a qualified candidate shall not take the speaking ability as the top priority. A report from the Forbes shows that masters tend to favor the candidates who are well developed in academic fields rather than those who just have the abilities to speak in front of people. Besides, the talents or elites in certain territories are usually the ones that are not proficient in public speaking when they are in universities.
Second, not all the college students have the demand for excellent speech ability, in the light of the variation in student pool and major pool. For some students who suffer anxiety and even fear when speaking in front of a large audience should take full advantage of their time to do the things that they favor. If they are forced to take the speaking courses in college years it will damage their ambition towards other subjects and what is worse, the negative psychological experience may drive the students to a deep anxiety for college life. A positive pursuit in the subjects that are within the student’s own inclination is much more significant than a forced course experience in guiding a student’s development. Besides, for certain majors, students need to dedicate themselves to an area with high focus. It may not be scientific for these students to switch themselves to a course that is not necessary for their future academic requirement. If these students are required to spend a large amount of time taking public speaking classes, undoubtedly it may be a waste of time. For personality development of a student or demand of major, not all the students are suitable to have public speaking classes.
Admittedly, public speaking could provide students with improved speaking skills and courage to express themselves. Nevertheless, this capability could also be obtained through some certain more effective methods. For instance, social activities outside the classroom or in the working circumstances are more realistic for students to practice their speaking skills since they can practice their abilities in a more flexible environment with a relatively relaxed way.
Judging from all the evidence offered, we may safely arrive at the conclusion that it is not the best way to help their graduates by requiring all the students to take public speaking classes. For the sake of the students’ career guidance, public speaking classes are not considered as crucial for every student. School authorities should encourage students to do what they need for their development.