2019年10月12日托福写作考情分析 - 黄盛
作者：武汉新航道北美考试院 托福写作组 黄盛
TPO42Birds Hitting Glass
• 设置单向玻璃（one-way glass）；
• 在窗户上画彩色图案，如条纹等（colorful patterns/strips）；
• 用磁场（magnetic field）引导鸟飞行的方向。
10月12日的题目是一道A/D类statement的题型，题目长度虽然不长，但是暗含很多审题陷阱需要注意。考生需要注意独立写作题里给出的所有信息，因为这些背景信息往往限定了分论点的构思方向。本考题的背景知识提供了news story的相关信息，阐述了目前是存在news story这种总结性的报道用来一次性回顾某个时间段内关于的所有新闻。所以本考题需要论述的重点并不在于“停止读新闻有没有好处”而是“在某段时间内停止读新闻，然后再重新读新闻有没有好处”，强调了停止阅读新闻的这个行为是“暂时性的”，在这种情况下有没有好处，题目主干部分也强调了“for a few days or weeks”。常见的构思误区列举如下：
这个分论点完全忽略了“for a few days or weeks”的限制条件，而且只论述了传统新闻获取渠道的坏处，而不是论述“停止阅读新闻“能带来的好处，属于典型的顾左右而言他，完全跑题分论点。
Issues related to news report have never failed to attract people’s attention. With the significant changes in social media, the quantity of news that can be accessed by individual readers explodes. As a result, a heated debate topic arose among the public recently: whether a period lasting for a couple of days or weeks free from news brings about benefits or not. Some contend that it is advantageous to keep up with news report every day. However, as far as I am concerned, temporarily getting rid of new generates positive consequences. My points can be illustrated as below.
Firstly, a blank session without news leaves a time window to filter news to be read, which can help readers understand the topic or event more precisely. To be specific, currently, social medias creating numerous news on every topic or event, the authenticity or reliability of the news are not guaranteed. Therefore, acknowledging every piece of news may lead readers’ attitude astray, which is hard to be restored due to inertial thinking. Meanwhile, as the time goes by, every piece of the news in the public will be gradually testified by further investigation, inducing the elimination of news that is proven to contain imprecise information. In other words, there exists a time window for the considerable amount of news to be filtered, leaving behind only testified ones. Consequently, a blank session without reading news fitting in this time window frees readers from unauthentic information that may impair the accuracy to form an understanding about the event or topic. For example, 2010 witnessed a notorious case in my city. At the very beginning, the suspect was accused of violently assaulting innocent citizen, which was reported by all the newspapers at that time. As expected, everyone who had read the news was blaming the suspect, and the situation escalated when newspapers published a photo of the exact second when the suspect was punching the victim. However, the victim was then discovered to be an infamous thief who had already committed theft for dozens of time, and the suspect was aiming to catch him while the photo was proven to be artificial. Clearly, if news readers had accessed the news after all the information are filtered, such misunderstanding would have never occurred.
On top of that, regularly staying away from news positively affect individual’s life. Indeed, news conveys information of events happening all over the world, which forms an essential bridge between world and individuals. However, most of news are geographically or mentally far from readers’ daily life, so that sticking to news every day possibly causes readers pay less attention to the environment they live in or even affects readers’ attitude towards their life. Needless to mention, Individual’s daily life depends mostly on things and people around them which deserves much more concerns in order to lead a positive life. Therefore, temporarily staying away from news provides space for individuals to draw their attention back to the things and people within their reach, which can remind them the real meaningful points in their life. Meanwhile, the news stories can compensate for the missing news by providing a conclusive report afterwards. For instance, my cousin’s high school years was full of pain and sorrow. During that time, he was addicted to news related to politics between nations all over the world, which were always about conflicts and strife. He was so in to it that he neglected or distrusted the friendship or even relationships with his family members, which generated countless arguments and barriers in his life. After high school graduation, he decided to cut off the time on reading political news, and to focus more on social interactions. Eventually, he managed to mend the relationships with the people who cared for him and his life was back to normal yet harmonious.
Admittedly, news usually focuses the effect of time so that skipping news for a period may cause the delivery of some important information delayed. Nevertheless, such delay usually does not affect much to readers while it can in turn guarantees the authenticity. Furthermore, reducing the portion of time spent on news leads people care more about their own daily life. Judging from all above, I firmly agree that regularly taking breaks from reading news induces positive effects to people.