作者：武汉新航道北美考试院 托福写作组 叶晓轩
本期考题考察的话题属于托福综合写作考试中考察占比稍低的环境类话题，讨论的是开采天然气可能存在的环境问题以及对其的反驳，可以视作是能源与环境类话题的结合考察。尽管不如生态类话题高频，但是在TPO中仍然可以找到比较贴近的练习材料，比较具有代表性的有TPO 22, TPO 41等。
Keywords: natural gas; greenhouse gas; exploitation; noise pollution; community.
TPO22 Ethanol fuel’s is not a good replacement for gasoline
TPO41 New regulations for handling coal ash may have negative consequences
• 出台过于严格的条例可能会阻碍coal ash的回收再利用。
• 严格的管理条例会导致power company的成本提高，从而使得电费飙升。
• 确实存储和处理coal ash的成本会升高，但是这个额外成本非常值。电力公司会因此额外花费15 billion刀，但平均到每个家庭的电费增幅只有1%。这对于保护环境来说，太值了。
观察题目不难发现，题目关键词不多，celebrities，political views，public，且都是名词，因此是非常适合采用“不同情况分析法”来进行讨论的。考生可以对celebrities进行分类，结合political views可以划分为政界名人和非政界名人，如歌星、影星，来进行讨论。另一方面，也可以对political views进行分类，例如分别讨论针对国内政治相关的观点和国际政治相关的观点名人应不应该表明看法。当然，还有更为讨巧的写法，即针对题干关键字涉及的两方角色来进行讨论：名人自己，和大众。本篇范文采用第三种写法，先进行让步论述说明确实人人都有表达自己想法的权利，但是名人因其身份特殊不应该这么做，以及这么做会对大众和自己造成不利影响，并结合使用对比论证、说理论证和举例论证，分开论述分别可能造成什么样的不利影响。
With the continuous progress in new forms of media, the group of celebrities is growing at an unprecedented pace. Consequently, their influence on the public is as well increasing accordingly. Lately, significant amount of attention is drawn to their behaviors and utterance regarding the politics. As far as I am concerned, it is rather inappropriate for them to declare their political views to the public.
Undoubtedly, everyone is equal and has the right to express their position towards any issue. However, as celebrities, some limitations should definitely be set up to their rights of revealing their opinions, resulting from the particular traits of their occupation. Due to the great extent to which every detail of their life is exposed to the public, especially to the mainstay of the society, every single word of theirs tends to make a difference, more or less, to the audience. But most of them are definitely not professional in this field; thus could be quite dangerous for them to make their political view known to public, for it may be misleading and even trigger some unforeseeable consequences, such as revenge and public demonstration. Besides, free display of their political views also could bring up some potential problems as following.
First, in view of the public safety, celebrities’ showing their political stance could undermine the social stability. In certain historical stages in some countries, people could be extremely irritable in terms of some specific social issues. As a normal individual, it seems like no big deal to talk about one’s own standpoint. However, as famous figures, no matter which side does the celebrity take towards an issue, there would always be a part of audience standing by the other side, since the celebrity’s popularity must result in a broad range of audience. Some of them could be quite emotionally unstable, and therefore they may try to conduct some undesirable movements to this specific celebrity or even to the society, such as irrelevant people around them.
Furthermore, as for celebrities themselves, demonstrating their political tendency could ruin their own career as well. Ultimately, the audience’s support is all that celebrities rely on. But the audience’s political views could be extremely diverse. For example, in Main Land of China, one bottom line for all the people to support any celebrity, is that he or she is in support of the national conception that Tai Wan belongs to China. But of course there is also some people, especially youngsters in Tai Wan who do not see the full picture, go against this conception. If celebrities declare their attitudes towards this issue, they will lose the support either from those who are in approval of One China, or from those who are not, which would certainly damage the celebrities’ reputation and popularity. Therefore, it would be better to conceal their political attitudes towards controversial political issues and focus on their profession, since their occupation is not a politician.
In conclusion, based on the above points, I strongly disapprove that the celebrities make their political views known to the public, for the sake of public stability as well as themselves.