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2021年3月托福独立口语考情分析及范文-郑宁馨

作者:郑宁馨 2021-03-31 16:11 来源:武汉编辑
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20213月一共进行了7场托福线下考试,周末5场周中2场,在这7场考试中,只有310日的独立口语考题是一道全新的考题,其他均属于旧题复用或旧题新考,且其中有4场考试为旧题复用,202136日重复20171210考题,2021321日重复2019519考题,2021324日重复2018610考题,2021327日重复2019113考题,这提示我们在备考独立口语时,选用近5年的真题进行练习是非常有价值的。从话题分布来看,7道考题中有5道都是学习类话题,由此可见,这类话题依旧是出现频率最高的,是备考独立口语时的重中之重。

 

202136

2017.12.10旧题复用:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is harder to save money than it was in the past.

 

题目解析:

这道考题是20171210日的旧题复用,是一个典型的“money”类话题,联系生活,不论正方还是反方,考生应该都可以想到一些简单的答题思路。如果同意现在比以前更难省钱,可以很容易想到是因为现在的开销更大这个思路,但除此之外,许多考生无法马上想到第二个分论点,这是因为现在的开销更大这个点的涵盖面很广,可以包含生活中的方方面面,遇到这种情况,我们不妨将一个大的论点进行一下细分,如开销可以进一步划分为为提升生活质量的开销为了自我提升的开销,这样我们就得到了两个互不交叉的分论点。如果不同意题目中的观点,首先可能是因为随着很多理财类app的出现,我们可以更好地对收入和支出进行规划,而不是盲目的花钱;其次,由于经济的不断发展,人们的收入水平和以前相比有了很大的上升,除了满足基本生活需求,也可以存下一部分钱。

 

范文:

For me, I definitely agree with it, because people today have more expenditure than before. Firstly, people tend to spend more on improving the quality of life. Some of them try to eat healthier food, such as the fresh or organic one. Compared with fast food or junk food, this would be much more expensive. Others, in order to live more comfortably or have a sense of belonging, may make efforts to purchase large apartments. While as is known to all, the price of housing has rapidly increased in recent years. Additionally, people nowadays are more willing to spend money so as to improve themselves. According to the latest survey, an increasing number of people choose to pursue further study abroad, even if they have already worked for a while. However, the tuition fee of the university abroad may cost a large part of their savings.

 

2021310

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? If some students have not received enough credits because they failed previous exams, they should be given an additional assignment by their professors to make up credits.

 

题目解析:

这道考题是一道新题,但话题还算常规,问的是如果学生因挂科而没有修到足够的学分,教授是否应该布置额外的任务帮助学生获得并弥补学分?如果选择同意,原因一是可以帮助学生按时毕业,延迟毕业会给学生的后续深造甚至是找工作带来一系列负面影响,而教授布置额外的任务帮助学生弥补学分无疑是给了学生第二次机会;原因二可以讲教授给学生布置额外的任务这项措施本身是对学生有利的,因为学生通过完成任务可以再次进行学习和研究,及时找到当时挂科的原因,弥补之前的不足。如果不同意,首先是因为只有严格的学分政策才能激励学生的学习,如果他们知道之后可以弥补,第一次学习的时候就不会那么专注和投入了,这可能使他们失去学习的动力;其次,这也会增加教授的工作量,教授需要为这些挂科的学生准备额外的任务、批改作业、予以反馈等,这会占用教授处理更重要事情的时间。

 

范文:

From my perspective, I disagree with this statement. First of all, only a strict credit policy can stimulate students’ learning. On the contrary, students will be less motivated. If students know that they could get another chance to make up the credits even if they fail the exams, they will not be as focused and engaged at the first try. This makes students lose motivation in learning. Furthermore, this policy will create additional obligations for the professor and take up his valuable time, because the professor is required to prepare extra tasks, grade the assignments, even stay after class to provide feedbacks for those who failed the previous exams. However, the professor may have other stuff of greater importance to do, such as answer students’ questions, prepare for the lessons, or do academic research.

 

2021313

2019.12.1旧题新考:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Limiting children’s access to electronic devices will do good to their social development.

 

题目解析:

这道考题属于旧题新考,与2019121日的考题话题重复:Should parents limit their children’s access to social media? 但不同之处在于本道考题的答题范围要窄一些,思路要紧紧围绕social development展开。如果不同意,是因为电子设备已经成为当今社会必不可少的交流工具,不需要面对面,大家就可以通过各种社交平台进行联系,交流方式更加灵活多样,如果限制使用,朋友之间很有可能就断了联系;如果同意,即限制孩子使用电子设备有助于社交,可以将社交分成两种情况来谈,一种是结交新朋友,另一种是与家人和朋友维系好的关系社交是我们答口语独立题最常用的万能思路之一,很多情况下是作为两个理由中的一个,但这道考题的核心话题就是社交,因此我们在答题时可以将社交这一思路进行细化,分裂成两个分论点进行作答。

 

范文:

I definitely agree with this statement. First, it provides children with more opportunities to make new friends. Without electronic devices, the time commitment to other activities would increase for sure, such as playing sports, visiting museums or learning the musical instruments. Therefore, children are more likely to meet people with common interests, even make new friends and expand their social network. Furthermore, it enables children to maintain good relationship with friends and family members. According to the survey, millions of children spend more than four hours a day on electronic devices playing video games, watching short videos and listening to pop songs. They hardly have any time to communicate with friends or family members. Thus, limiting their access to electronic devices would spare more time to build up the relationship.

 

2021314

2016.4.9旧题新考:

Do you agree or disagree that teachers should encourage students to have discussion during class? Give specific reasons and details in your response.

 

题目解析:

这道考题尽管之前没有出现过一模一样的题目,但关于class discussion的话题对于考生来说一定不陌生,如201649日考题:Do you agree or disagree that leaving some time for group discussion in class is beneficial for study? 这类题目本质就是要谈class discussion的好处与坏处,课堂讨论的好处可以讲帮助学生集中注意力,相互学习,提升学习效果促进学生之间的交流、增进感情,坏处可能是耗时较长导致课堂效率较低学生积极性不高、不愿意参与等。我们在备考独立口语的时候,可以分话题进行思路和语料的积累,如class discussion的话题,这样考场上遇到同类话题就可以直接使用,不需要从零开始整理思路,缩短准备时间,提高答题的稳定性。

 

范文:

In my opinion, I agree that teachers should encourage students to have discussion during class. First of all, this would help improve students’ learning effectiveness. For one thing, students could be more focused. They will actively listen to others’ opinion and participate in the discussion to express themselves. For another thing, students are able to learn from different perspectives and get better understating of the issue that is discussed. Second, class discussion benefits the relationship among students. It is a good opportunity that students could have more face-to-face communication regarding the academic issue. Without the discussion in class, they may never find a better chance to get to know each other. Therefore, the class discussion serves as a way to help students strengthen the friendship.

 

 

2021321

2019.5.19旧题复用:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A school should no more require students to do experiments but show students the videos of experiments.

 

题目解析:

这道考题曾在2019519日出现过,问的是学校应该让学生亲手做实验还是看实验视频,很多考生拿到这道题的第一反应是选择要亲手做实验,因为可以帮助学生更加了解实验步骤,加深印象,提升学习效果,这个思路是很好想到的,但是我们会发现短时间内好像很难想到另一个分论点,这个时候不妨尝试使用社交的万能思路,因为做实验很多时候涉及到同学或者小组之间的合作,这样有利于彼此之间的交流,增进感情。但其实这道题如果选择看实验视频,思路是更好想一些的,原因一可以讲看视频更安全,不需要接触有毒的或者易爆炸的实验物品;原因二可以讲这能够帮助学校省钱,因为学校不需要建实验室、购买实验设备等。这道考题提示我们,在选择立场的时候,我们要将生活和答题分开,很多生活中会选择的并不一定要用在答题中,考场上我们还是要遵循哪边好说就说哪边的原则,而好说应同时满足思路和语言的需求。

 

范文:

For my part, I agree that showing students the videos of experiments is a better choice. Firstly, it’s safer for the students because they do not have to touch those dangerous chemicals. Some of them are extremely toxic, while others may be explosive. Watching the videos of experiments helps to avoid both situations, which could be more beneficial for students, or even the school. In addition, the school is able to save money by letting students watch videos instead of carrying out the experiments on their own. The school never has to spend money on building labs or purchase expensive equipment such as the microscope. The expense could be saved for other projects like building a new library or renovating the academic buildings.

 

 

2021324

2018.6.10旧题复用:

Suppose your university has a tight financial budget, which one of the following areas would you suggest the school cut budget in, sports clubs (like skiing club) or academic clubs (like math club)?

 

题目解析:

这道考题重复2018610日的考题,问的是学校应该缩减运动类社团的预算还是学术类社团的预算,拿到这道题目,希望大家可以知道无论选择哪一个,考官都不会上升到三观的考量,考官只会从答案本身去评判考生的语言能力。如果选择减少运动类社团的预算,首先可以讲运动类社团比较浪费钱,如滑雪社,学生需要购买额外的运动器材或者接受专业培训;其次,学术类社团有利于学生的学习,可以通过社团活动弥补上课的不足,学到课本以外的知识,遇到一些新的同学共同探讨学术。如果选择缩减学术类社团的预算,原因一是可以减轻学生的压力,学生课业压力已经很大了,课后可能不想参加跟学术有关的活动了;原因二可以讲运动类社团可以帮助学生锻炼身体,释放压力,有利于身心健康,且运动中学生们还可以认识新的朋友,提升社交技能,扩大交友圈。

 

范文:

From my perspective, the school should cut budget of academic clubs. Firstly, this enables students to ease burden on academic learning. Nowadays students are suffering a lot from the great pressure of study. They have to attend lectures, give presentations, finish personal projects, write papers and so on. Therefore, it is very likely that they do not want anything to do with the academic after class. Moreover, sports clubs provide good opportunities for students to do exercise and relax themselves, which benefits both their physical and mental health. Besides, students can meet new friends who have common interests while doing sports. It is a good way for them to improve interpersonal skills and expand social network.

 

 

2021327

2019.11.3旧题复用:

Your university is planning to film all lectures and put them on the university website. Do you agree or disagree with this plan?

 

题目解析:

这道题曾在2019113日出现过,是一道典型的学习类考题,我们思考的时候不论从学生还是老师的角度,都很容易想到一些常见的思路。如果同意学校的计划,首先是因为有利于学生的学习,学生课堂上没有听懂的地方,课后可以再次观看视频,有遗忘的内容,也可以进行复习巩固,提升学习效果;其次,可以节省时间,学生不需要去学校,节省了通勤时间,这样学生可以做一些其他更有意义的事情。如果不同意,原因一可以讲看视频的学习方式效率比较低,学生有问题不能得到及时解决,还有些学生可能根本不会去看视频;原因二是不利于老师知识产权的保护,很多视频会流传到网络上,有的人甚至会用于商业用途去赚钱。

 

范文:

In my opinion, I totally agree with this plan. First of all, it will benefit students’ learning. If some students are not able to keep up with the professor during class, they could watch the videos and learn it again. It is a good way to consolidate what they have acquired in class. Besides, it enables students to review the key points before exams, and this will improve their study effectiveness. Second, watching lectures online helps students save time. They do not have to go to school, which saves them a lot of commuting time. Under this case, students can make full use of the time to do other things of greater significance, such as finding internship and accumulating working experience or attending social activities and expanding circle of friends.

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