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2020年7月29日托福写作考题解析

作者:李砚丹 2020-09-30 17:17 来源:武汉编辑
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北美考试院 托福写作组 李砚丹

 

20200729托福综合写作真题


Integrated Writing Task


阅读部分:提出三种方法来解决海湾的生物数量下降问题,试图恢复海洋生态平衡

1. 实行严格的禁止捕捉政策

2. 通过引进Asian oyster来增加oyster的数量

3. 教育居民,让他们减少对农药的使用

 

听力部分:这些方法都不太好

1. 人们捕捉crabs作为经济来源,会影响收入

2. 有可能带来新的未知疾病

3. 这个地区非常大,面积广人口多,不可行

 

题目解析:

这场考试涉及到的话题是生物,属于在综合考试中高频出现的话题。涉及的内容也是众多考生比较熟悉的保护环境和生物等。

TPO中可参考的相关练习有TPO1015172348

 

可以类比下列TPO的综合写作

TPO 48 Stop the decline of frog population

 

阅读:提出三种方法来解决青蛙数量下降的问题

• Banning the use of pesticides near sensitive frog population

• Treat the frogs for fungus

• Protect habitats from excessive water use and development

 

听力:以上三个方法都有问题

• 禁止一部分农民使用杀虫剂会使他们的农作物减产从而在市场竞争中处于不利地位。

• 治疗必须一只一只进行而不能大规模实施,而且治好的青蛙依旧会把真菌传给后代。

• 真正导致栖息地消失的是全球变暖

 

20200729托福独立写作真题


Independent Writing Task


A city wants to help teachers of its high school students (age 14-18) to improve their teaching. It is considering two plans:

1. Choose a small group of excellent teachers; these teachers will attend a class led by an expert for additional training in how to teach effectively, and they will then come back to their schools and provide that training for other teachers in school.

2. Provide additional training in teaching effectively for high school teachers, using online material that each teacher will study individually.

 

 

题目解析:

这场考试的独立写作中,出现了曾经在2017年7月出现过的题目。那么这也就再一次提醒了同学们,在托福写作备考中,练习过去真题的重要性。

这道题目相对比较贴近同学们的生活,是话题中非常常见的学校教育二选一类题型,两个选项都不难写。需要注意的是题干中告诉我们,讨论的对象是高中老师,那么就要尽量把这个背景带入到写作中去,做到更加扣题。

可以参考以下范文:

 

Regarding how to improve the level of high school education, people have proposed various methods, such as strengthening the training of teachers. Recently, some people have pointed out that experts should be invited to train some excellent teachers, and then these teachers should be allowed to train other teachers. Others believe that it is a more efficient way to have all teachers participate in online lectures. I also think online training will be more appropriate.

 

First of all, online teaching is a more efficient and lower cost way. Compared to inviting experts to give offline courses repeatedly, recording the lecture and playing it when needed obviously costs less money. Not only do they save money, but the online courses are also more flexible. Teachers can choose their own suitable time to watch, and they can play it for several times to master the content they don’t understand. For high school teachers, flexible schedules are even more important. The teaching arrangement of high school is relatively tight. If teachers are required to attend classes uniformly, it may affect the daily work arrangement of the school, and online courses can effectively solve this problem. Therefore, online courses are more easily accepted by teachers and schools than offline collective teaching.

 

Second, when information is passed on from one to another, the original meaning will change. Letting teachers watch online courses by themselves can ensure that every teacher is directly educated by experts, while letting teachers who are educated in advance teach other teachers cannot guarantee the same effect. Everyone has their own focus and methods of learning and accepting new knowledge in the process of learning, so there is no guarantee that these teachers can maintain the same level when they finish the expert class and come back to teach other teachers. By watching and using online tutorials, it can be ensured that the courses attended by each teacher are maintained at the same level. This advantage is incomparable by letting experts train teachers, and then teachers train other teachers.

 

All in all, because online tutorials is more effective and costs less, and can maintain the same level, I reckon that online tutorials is a better idea when it comes to education high school teachers. 



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