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这个技能居然通杀所有口语考试!P.E.E原则,必须了解!

来源:      浏览:      发布日期:2019-01-21 12:18

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在雅思口语考试中有一条最基础也是最重要的评分标准——speak at length,字面理解就是用“完整的句子”答题。如何使用P.E.E原则,满足speak at length这条重要评分原则,为雅思口语高分奠定基础?这就为大家揭晓!

Example

错误×示范:

Q:What do you enjoy about your work? 

A:Money!

正确√示范:

Q:What do you enjoy about your work? 

A:I feel I’m doing something useful because weather forecasts help everyone in several different ways, for example, a farmer will be able to protect his crops.

首先,开门见山地给出了自己的观点:doing something useful,然后用because引出原因进行解释为什么他认为这份工作是有用的,最后用for example举例来进行深入的说明,使自己的回答丰富、完整、且具有逻辑性

这个回答完整运用了P.E.E原则:

观点(point)+解释(explain)+事例(example)

STEP1☞ Point观点

在陈述观点时,一定要用完整的句子来回答!

但在句子的组织过程中,为了争取多一些思考时间,大家有时会说Personally、I feel that、personally、I think…或者大家还可以偶尔使用一些语篇标记词:to be honest、actually、as a matter of fact......

Example(雅思口语 part 3):

Q:What do you think of globalization? 

Point:I feel that globalization is like a double-edged sword. 

Tips:陈述此类较繁杂的题目时需要争取一点思考的时间,但注意不要过度频繁或重复使用,因为它们主要用于复杂问题的“开头语”。

相反,遇到简单的part1题目,如“What is your favorite color?” 就应直接用完整句子作答:My favorite color is red.

STEP2 解释Explain

一个完整回答的第二个步骤就是对“观点”进行“解释”,也就是原因的陈述。“原因”的表达法最常见的当然是because。此外,为了使表达多样化、显示自己的语言能力,还应使用其它“原因”信号词进行替换。

since

+句子

the reason is …

+接句子(that)名词、动名词

due to

+名词短语、动名词

as

+句子

Example(雅思口语 part 3):

Q:What do you think of globalization? 

Point+Explanation:

I feel that globalization is like a double-edged sword, and the reason is that it brings us benefits as well as some drawbacks.

Q:What is your favorite color?

Point+Explanation:

My favorite color is red, since in China red is a symbol of happiness.

STEP3☞事例Example

第二个步骤大功告成,恭喜大家就摆脱了“挤牙膏”的尴尬局面!此时,加上一个事例会让回答更具说服力。常见举例的表达除了for example外,还有以下这些:

like

+名词、动名词

such as

+名词、动名词

for instance

+句子

a prime / classic example is…

+句子(that)、名词动名词

to name one example

+句子

Example(雅思口语 part 3):

Q:What do you think of globalization? 

Point+Explanation+Example:

I feel that globalization is like a double-edged sword, and the reason is that it brings us benefits as well as some drawbacks. A prime example of its benefits is that we have more food choices. On the other hand, globalization also has drawbacks. To name one example, importing too many foreign products is a shock for domestic economy.

Q:What is your favorite color?

Point+Explanation+Example:

My favorite color is red, since in China red is a symbol of happiness. I, for example, wore an all-red dress at my wedding ceremony to show my cheerfulness.

P.E.E答题原则可以运用到的话题范围非常广

“雅思托福”口语的个人观点类问题

(what do you think of …)

只有熟练运用P.E.E.原则,才能做到

有话可说,逻辑严密,有理有据

以下话题,大家可小试牛刀:

主题

归属类别

giving a presentation about a city

城市

discussing results of an experiment

试验

presenting pros and cons of fire

presenting about a special day

节日

personal and community values

价值观

talking about a trend

趋势

presentation of a plan for a public space

公共空间

discussing large companies

公司

how to overcome pressure

压力

 

作者简介

陈朵

所授学科:

留学预备听说并进

教育背景:英语专业硕士毕业生,英语专业八级。酷爱英语,热爱教育事业,有多年英语教学经验,语言基本功扎实,为人亲和有活力。

 

 

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