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三招教你快速定位CET6听力SC中的考点-刘尧

作者:刘尧 2021-03-31 16:27 来源:武汉编辑
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CET6的听力备考中,Section C部分无疑是考生觉得最难的一部分,除了因为lecture中词汇偏难,话题较学术化,还有一个很大的难点就是学生不知道该如何定位考点信息,由于section C中每篇lecture较长,大概4-5分钟左右,词汇在1000-1200左右,学生在听的过程中往往不知道听到哪里了,也不能预测哪里会出现考点,所以听完后学生还是不知道选哪个答案。然而,实际上,Section C中每篇文章出的考题只有3-4个,所以把握出题规律,准确定位考点信息是关键,这里给大家总结了三个定位考点的小技巧,即信号词定位,专有名词(人名,地名,特殊身份)定位以及表示研究实验等词的定位。

20176月到201912月的12套真题听力中,Section C中比较常见的定位技巧的出题频率统计如下:

图片1.png

从表格中可以看出,在常见信号词定位中,通过转折及时间信号词定位占多数,其次是通过专有名词定位,再就是通过表研究实验等词的定位,下面我们将这三种常见考点通过具体真题来具体分析。

(一) 信号词定位

常见信号词有转折信号词,时间信号词,因果信号词,举例信号词,条件信号词,目的信号词等,从以上表中可以看出,通过转折信号词定位占大多数,其次是时间信号词,这里我们通过真题例题来分析这两类信号词的考点。

1折信号词,除了大家熟悉的but, however, yet, while, whereas等,还有一些带有转折含义的词,如actually, in fact, as a matter of fact, instead, instead of等,这里我们主要来看看通过后者定位考点的真题例题:

20196月第2套真题听力Section C中第24题:

24.A) By asking people to report their sleep habits.

B) By observing people’s sleep patterns in labs.

C) By having people wear motion-detecting watches.

D) By videotaping people’s daily sleeping processes.

Q: How did the speaker conduct the sleep study?

听力原文:

Our experiment does not take place in a sleep lab. Instead, we lend people motion-detecting watches and they wear them for a week a time. 这里的信号词instead定位考点, 提示答案在后面,所以此题答案选C

 

201912月第1套真题听力Section C中第21题:

21A) Infants’ facial expressions.

B) Babies’ emotions.

C) Babies’ interaction with adults.

D) Infants’ behaviors

Q: What is the 1980 study about?

听力原文:

Our final study is from 1980, but it’s still relevant today. In fact, it’s one of the most famous pieces of research about infant emotion ever published. 这里看到转折词but就要引起注意,紧接着出现了强调词in fact,所以之后的内容肯定是重点,也就是答案句,此题选B

 

2)时间信号词: 可分为具体时间信号词,抽象时间信号词和时间连词。

具体时间即有具体数字的时间表达,如:last Sunday, in 1990, two decades ago 等;

抽象时间是指含有时间概念的词,如:nowadays, so far, at that time, recently 等;

时间连词即表示时间的连词或副词,如:firstsecond, finally, when, while, as, meanwhile等。

在历年真题考点中,以抽象时间信号词及时间连词的考点居多。

20186月第1套真题听力Section C中第21题: 

21. A) More and more patients ask for the treatment.

B) Acupuncture techniques have been perfected.

C) It doesnt need the conventional medical tests.

D) It does not have any negative side effects.

QWhat accounts for the growing popularity of acupuncture in the United States, according to the speaker?

听力原文:

Acupuncturists today are as likely to be found on Park Avenue as on Mott Street. In all, there are an estimated 10,000 acupuncturists in the country. Nowadays, a lot of medical doctors have learned acupuncture techniques; so have a number of dentists. Reason? Patient demand. 此题考察的是抽象时间信号词nowadays,其后内容就是考点,通过理解这题答案为A

201812月第1套真题听力Section C中第19题: 

19. A) The engineering problems with solar power.

B) The generation of steam with the latest technology.

C) The importance of exploring new energy sources.

D) The theoretical aspects of sustainable energy.

Q: What has the speaker previously talked about?

听力原文:

We’ve talked recently about the importance of sustainable energy. We’ve also talked about the different theories on how that can be done. So far, our discussions have all been theoretical. 其中有两个时间信号词提示我们考点信息: recently & so far, 对应题目中的previously,综合这几句内容,可得出此题答案为D

201712月第1套真题听力Section C中第22题:

22. A) They recite a principle.    

B) They take a solemn oath.

C) They drink wine from the unity cup.  

D) They call out their ancestors’ names.

QWhat do people do while each candle is being lit at the Kwanzaa celebration?

听力原文:

Each day of Kwanzaa, usually before the evening mealfamily and friends gather around the table and someone lights the candle, beginning with the black. After that, candles are lit alternatively from left to right. While the candles is being lit, a principal is recited; then each person present takes a turn to speak about the importance that the principle has to himself or herself. 此段话中包括多个时间信号词,其中考察了while这个时间连词之后的内容,由此可得出答案为A

   (二)专有名词定位

这里专有名词包括人名(具体人名或是某个领域的科学家或研究家),地名(国家,城市)等,以及表示某个领域的科学家或研究家的名词有: educator, psychologist, sociologist 等。我们看看20186月第2套真题听力Section C 17&18:

17. A). Their classifications are meaningful. B). Their interactions are hard to define.

C). Their definitions are changeable.     D). Their distinctions are artificial.

18. A). Only a few of them cause problems to native species.

B). They may turn to benefit the local environment

C). Few of them can survive in their new habitats.

    D). Only 10 percent of them can be naturalized.

Q17: What does Dr. Michael Rosenzweig think of exotic and native species?

Q18: What does Professor Don Smith say about alien species?

听力原文:

“Distinctions between exotic and native species are artificial”said Dr. Michael Rosenzweig, a professor of evolutionary biology at the University of Arizona… “Only a small percentage of alien species cause problems in their new habitats,” said Don Smith, professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at the University of Tennessee. 从听力原文可以看出,这两段话出现了2个专有名词(人名),并且都设置了考点,在听的过程中定位到人名,这两题的答案也就不难得出了,答案分别为:D & A。再看看通过地点定位的真题例子:

20196月第1套真题听力Section C中第20题: 

20. A) They appear vigorous. B) They appear strange.

C)They look charming. D) They look unhealthy.

QWhat does the speaker think of girls wrapping their legs up with slimming tape?

听力原文:

In Hong Kong, I’ve seen girls wrapping their whole body or both legs up with a special type of slimming tape which is supposed to help make them thinner. But it just reminded me of the roasted ham my mother usually puts on the dinner table at Christmas. 这里出现地名Hong Kong,其后内容即20题的考点,结合我们第一点提到的转折信号词but,此题答案就出来了,即B

(三)表示研究实验等词的定位

表示研究实验等的名词有一般有:research, study, experiment, survey, 等,在这些词后一般会有一句结论性的话,如: The research shows that… 那么结论性的话很可能就是一个考点,这种定位在真题听力中也是常见考点,如以下真题例题:

20176月第2套真题听力Section C 19题:

19. A) Few people know how to retrieve information properly.

B) People can enhance their memory with a few tricks.

C) Most people have a rather poor long-term memory.

D) People tend to underestimate their mental powers.

Q: What does the simple test suggest?

听力原文

Psychology research shows we constantly underestimate our mental powers. If you think this does not apply to you, then here is a simple test to show you are wrong. 这里出现research, test等表示研究的定位词,其研究结果就是考点,此题答案为D

201712月第1 套真题听力SC 23

23. A) It is one of the world’s most healthy diets.

B) It contains large amounts of dairy products.

C)It began to impact the world in recent years.

D) It consists mainly of various kinds of seafood.

QWhat has research concluded about the Mediterranean diet?

听力原文:

The Mediterranean diet is based upon the eating patterns of traditional cultures in the Mediterranean region. Several noted nutritionists and research projects have concluded that this diet is one of the most healthful in the world in terms of preventing such illnesses as heart disease and cancer, and increasing life expectancy. 从中可以清楚的看到表研究的信号词research projects,其后即为考点,那么答案也就显然易见了,即A

201812月第1 套真题听力Section C16题: 

16. A) About half of current jobs might be automated.

B) The jobs of doctors and lawyers would be threatened.

C) The job market is becoming somewhat unpredictable.

D) Machine learning would prove disruptive by 2013.

QWhat did the researchers at Oxford University conclude?

听力原文:

In 2013, researchers at Oxford University did a study on the future of work. They concluded that almost one in every two jobs has a high risk of being automated by machines. 原文中的researcher是我们上面提到的表示某一领域的研究家的定位,后面又出现study, concluded等词,所以锁定考点就是这里,答案也就呼之欲出了,即A

 

综上所述,大家对这三种定位技巧的词汇要熟悉,在听听力过程中要对这类词敏感,这样不管lecture有多长,我们也能准确定位考点信息,迅速找出答案。

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