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留学预备教材之“选择类”口语话题的指引

作者:赵媛 2021-07-26 13:41 来源:武汉编辑
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说起英语口语,一些同学感觉又爱又恨。尤其还在打基础的同学,比如在新航道上留学预备阶段二级或者三级的同学们,在他们口中,我了解到开口说英语是一个既让其期待又痛苦的事情,期待点在于开口说英语带来的成就感和满足感让人欣喜,痛苦点在于有时候开口既错,让人懊恼。殊不知,口语练习不仅需要耐心,更需要有方法的练习。新航道留预四个级别正是引导学生开口的金钥匙。无论是听说读写,留预课程都有很多针对性的练习,让学生在每日的学习中“稳扎稳打,难点各个击破”。

具体而言,当留预基础段同学回答选择类口语话题时如问题:Do you prefer A or B,常常破壁,为此抓破脑袋。虽然想到很多观点和原因。但是在回答问题时经常一会说东一会说西,对于这类问题回答没有很清晰的章法,不能做到准确清晰的回答问题。想必如果考试碰到这类话题很容易慌了阵脚。另外,很多同学不知道的是,雅思口语官考特别是第三部分的问答也有一大板块就是考察选择问题,一般都要进行双边讨论。是真正考察你口语能力的部分,想要拿高分,搞定这一类型的回答至关重要。到底该怎么做呢?如果你也有这样的疑问,那么好 消息是,留预教材给我们同学们一个非常好的范本,让大家遇到选择类话题不再慌张。

接下来就基于留预课本的三级第三单元的听力为例浅析如何运用留预中的语料和答题方向指导雅思口语中这类口语的回答。

Q:Do you prefer to work in open office space or closed office space ?(三级 P28

三级P28听力内容不同的办公室工作的原因归纳如下所示:

图片1.png

Q:Do you prefer to work in open office space or closed office space ?(三级 P28

A: As far as Im concerned, I prefer to work in the closed office space because it offers more favorable condition to work. I mean, I can have my own space. In this case, it is easier for me to totally concentrate on my work and projects. On top of that, working in closed office helps me become more inspired and productive.

 

On the contrary, open office has a lot of disadvantages, by which i mean, if i work in an open work space, i would be easily distracted by the ambient noise made by colleagues. In addition, there is no way to have certain privacy for an individual, that means, with all the colleagues sitting around,I might get even a little bit nervous for Im afraid that I might be peeked or overheard when I am working there.

I suppose thats why Im more into...

根据上述例子可得出,在回答两者选其一口语话题时,口语回答的思路是选择一方(+陈述理由+给出解释)之后,对比另一方(+陈述理由+给出解释)。

换言之,这样的口语问题提问方式给了你两个选择,你需要直接回答问题,一般情况下,建议直接选择你能想得更多观点的那个选项然后阐述好的方面作为支撑自己观点的理由,即给出直接答案+理由。但是说完还不够,既然问了另一个对象,那么在稍后就还需要加上没有选择的这个对象的的弊端作为对比,一般来说我们会在中间加上一些连接递进或者对比功能的信号词。具体见示范答案。

总结英文回答信号词如:

As far as Im concerned, I prefer to...because...I mean...on top of that...

On the contrary, ...has a lot of disadvantages. By which i mean,... In addition,..

I suppose thats why Im more into...

下面,为了更直观的指导我们在雅思口语的问答,我们试着用相同的方法知道回答雅思口语中这类: Do you prefer A or B的口语问题。

Example 1-Question: Do you prefer to study alone or with others?

As far as Im concerned, I prefer to study with others because it can make me more productive and efficient, I mean, studying with others enables me to draw something useful from them through discussion and communication, which helps correct some of my bad studying habits.  On top of that, It is also a good way to cultivate teamwork spirits and possibly form friendship.

On the contrary, for me, studying alone has a lot of disadvantages, by which i mean, It is easy to get bored and distracted during long hours of learning. Without anyone to talk to, I may look for something fun on the cellphone and internet, which will definitely drag time and make me procrastinated. In addition, studying alone isnt good for team spirits development and skills-forming.

I suppose thats why Im more into group learning.

 

Example 2-Question: Do you prefer to live in the city or in the countryside?

As far as Im concerned, I prefer to live in the urban area because it can offer me a better and more comfortable life, i mean, they're numerous facilities like cinema, shopping malls and parks, which means i can have much fun with them like watching a movie, eating out in the fine restaurant or even hanging out in the shopping outlets. On top of that, city provides me more working opportunities. Also, its very likely that I may land a higher-paying job in the metropolis like Shenzhen than i could in the county.

On the contrary, living in the countryside has a lot of disadvantages, by which i mean, it can be full of poverty and hunger which is truly pathetic. In addition, Its not possible to have easy access to advanced transportation as well as education due to the lack of resources.

I suppose thats why Im more into living in the city.

 

从以上三个例子可以看出,留预课程中除了学习实用的短语表达,其实仔细研究就会发现每一节课你可能都是在回答雅思或者是托福的相关口语话题练习。所以千万不要忽视平时口语练习的机会。多学习多总结。此次针对,选择类A或者B 的练习逻辑思路很简单,选择对象,陈述理由加上细节和解释。不要忘记的是,另一方的出现也需要适当提及反向观点以及为什么没有选择的理由。这样回答问题才算回答完整了。换句话说,从莫种程度上,满足的考官对于反向观点拓展的期待。另外,需要提到的是,毕竟语言是需要引导和勤于练习才能有所提高的。不要忘记或懒于练习,多开口,多反思才是漂亮口语的捷径哦。


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